NP8901 Gun Team , Topsy Turner and Another (Forgotten his name) in a defensive position after our attack on Mount Harriet with 42 Commando. John Alden /

By Tom Dare

ON THE week the government floats plans to reduce the Royal Marines by 2,000 men a book detailing the crucial contribution of these elite British troops to victory in the Falklands War has been released.

‘The Falklands War: From Defeat to Victory’ by former Royal Marine John Alden tells the incredible story of the capture of a heroic detachment of Royal Marines by Argentinian forces during their invasion of the Falklands in April 1982, only for those same marines to return ten weeks later to retake the islands.

NP8901 Raising the Union Jack flag after the Argentinian surrender. John Alden /


John is telling his story for the first time in the new book, which gives unprecedented access to one of the most controversial conflicts in recent British history.

Images from the period show fully armed Royal Marines taking up positions on Mount Harriet on their return to the islands ten weeks after their initial capture, with another showing the grave of an unknown soldier on the same mountain.

Further pictures show a group of Argentinian soldiers looking forlorn shortly after their surrender to British forces, with a further picture showing the victorious British forces lifting the Union Jack flag following their successful recapturing of the islands.

NP8901 Gun team , Butch and Wilf Smith in a defensive position after our attack on Mount Harriet with 42 Commando. John Alden /


John had not long been a Royal Marine when, in late March 1982, he was sent to East Falkland as part of a detachment of 57 men from Navy Party 8901, a relatively routine assignment at the time. But just a few weeks after his arrival he found himself thrust into the thick of one of the most unexpected conflicts in recent years when Argentina launched an invasion of the islands late on April 1.
“Our assignment was supposed to be peaceful,” John recalls in his book.

“It was on a Thursday, April the first when Rex Hunt, British Governor of the Falkland Islands, received an ominous telex from Military Intelligence. We have apparently reliable evidence that an Argentine task force will gather off Cape Pembroke early tomorrow morning, 2nd April. You will wish to make your dispositions accordingly.

Identity card I.D card found on the top of Mount Harriet in the defensive position held by the Argentinian forces. John Alden /

“I was still a fresh face beneath my proud Green Beret. I had yet to engage in any combat during my short Marine career, but I knew what the intelligence call meant. Making our dispositions was a military euphemism for “Get the boys ready to fight.”

“Every one of us was rapt with attention, listening as Boss Major Mike Norman pepped us up with a forceful plan of action. Our Major was a strident man. We had already seen that he was given to stormy fits of bluster. His words as he paced back and forth came across as urgent and forceful. To anyone who was listening, what came next was as clear as a bell.

“Today you are going to die,” he roared ominously at the sea of blank faces staring back in his direction.

“So go out there and do the job you were trained to do.”

Grave of an unknown Soldier on the slope off Mount Harriet. John Alden /

Within hours, John and his 21 colleagues found themselves under heavy attack, being vastly outnumbered by the advancing Argentinians.

“With my weapon in hand, I ran forward. Every moment crossing that pitch felt like it took place in a surreal, dream like state. Gaz was beside me. Gunfire rained down all around us. I could see a hedgerow rise before me, a place the section could slot in. That’s where I would run to, the hedgerow on a track that led around into the building.

“Then I slammed into the bush. Sweat poured into my eyes and down my face as I drew a few quick breaths. Within seconds, all twelve soldiers had fallen in behind me. Gaz shot me a grin. Then he winced and shook his head gratefully. Everyone in section one and two had survived and I was, for a moment, in the lead position. Standing in the distant rear of our formation, Lou leaned out and hastily signalled for me to move forward.

Corrugated steel hanger painted with a Red Cross , we stayed inside , you can see the bullet holes in the steel letting in the sunlight. John Alden /

“Go,” he shouted.

“And John, fire if anyone fires at you.” Fear coursed through my body as I crept forward for the corner of the hedgerow. None of us knew what was around the corner. In the heat of a firefight, two factors must take hold in order for a soldier to survive the ordeal. The first is an ability to push through exhaustion and pain, or a shot of adrenaline; the second is the ability to seamlessly access their training.

“Doing both in tandem is a matter of survival. Every one of the Marines lined up along that hedgerow was utterly exhausted. No one had really slept. Gaz’s flesh was still cooking on my hot gun barrel; his red and bleeding hand was obviously in intense pain.”

Dead Argentinian Solder unknown on top of Mount Harriet after 42 Commando had taken the position. John Alden /

John and his comrades would go on to put up a gallant fight, killing one and wounding six Argentinian troops before, outnumbered from all sides, they were forced to surrender, with the now infamous image of John and his colleagues with guns on the ground and arms in the air seen all over the world the following day. The Argentinians had struck the first blow, and John and the rest of his unit were transferred back to Britain the following day.

Group of Argentinian solders , this photo taken from an undeveloped film found in Stanley after the surrender by me. John Alden /

What followed was well documented, yet rarely has the story been told in as much detail as John manages in his account. A little over two months after being initially captured, John and the rest of NP8901 were back at Governor House, where they had initially been forced to surrender. Except this time they were holding the British flag aloft after a successful military campaign which saw Britain recapture the islands. The story of how this turnaround came about and the role John played in it is a fascinating, intriguing one that John expertly lays out in one of the most gripping account of the Falklands conflict yet to be committed to paper.

The Falklands War: From Defeat to Victory by John Alden is published by Prominent Books, and can be purchased here: